ASTI


ASTI
ASTI, city in Piedmont, N.W. Italy. Jews are mentioned in Asti in a document of 812, but its authenticity is doubtful. In the 14th century a number of Jews expelled from France found refuge in Asti, then an important commercial center, and neighboring towns. They retained the French rite, specifically for the New Year and the Day of Atonement: the "Apam" (properly "Afam") rite (מנהג אפם), so called after the Hebrew initials of the three towns Asti, Fossano, and Moncalvo (see liturgy ). Now long relinquished, the prayers have been preserved in many manuscripts. There was a blood libel accusation in 1553. The Regie Costituzioni of 1723 and 1729 established separate quarters for the Jews in all the royal domains. The ghetto became compulsory in 1730. Napoleon's decrees of December 1798 and February 1799 abolished the ghetto. It is difficult to establish the number of the Jews in Asti before the census ordered by King Carlo Emanuele III in 1761; in that year there were 38 families, numbering 196 Jews. In 1774 the number of Jews rose to 400. There were anti-Jewish riots in Asti in 1803. The artom family derived from here. During the Nazi persecution 51 members of the community were killed. In 1970 about 20 Jews lived in Asti. At the turn of the 20th century Asti no longer had a functioning Jewish community and was under the jurisdiction of the community of Turin, as were all the other nonfunctioning communities of Piedmont (Alessandria, Carmagnola, Cherasco, Cuneo, Mondovì, Saluzzo, and Ivrea). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Foà, in: RMI, 27–28 (1961–62), passim; Goldschmidt, in: KS, 30 (1954/55), 118–36, 264–76; D. Disegni, in: Scritti… S. Mayer (1956), 78–81. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: P. De Benedetti, "Gli ebrei di Asti e il loro rito," in: Il Platano, 4 (1977), 17–28; idem, "Ancora sugli ebrei di Asti," in: Il Platano, 5 (1979), 43–46; L. Voghera Luzzatto, "Ebrei ad Asti," in: Il Torchio (1979–80), 6–9; idem, "Emancipazione ebraica ad Asti," in: Il Platano, 2 (1980), 92–102; R. Segre and M.L. Giribaldi Sardi, Il Ghetto, la Sinagoga. Viaggio attraverso la cultura ebraica di Asti (1992); M.L. Giribaldi Sardi, Scuola e vita nella comunità ebraica di Asti (1800–1930) (1993); E. Rossi Artom, Gli Artom – Storia di una famiglia della Comunità ebraica di Asti attraverso le sue generazioni (XVI–XX secolo) (1997); M.L. Giribaldi Sardi, Asti. Guida alla sinagoga, al museo e al cimitero ebraico (1999). (Attilio Milano / Manuela Consonni (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ASTI — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Asti (homonymie). Aste Panorama de la ville Fichier:Asti Stemma.png …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Asti — Asti …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Asti — Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • asti — [ asti ] n. m. • 1894; ville d Italie ♦ Vin blanc mousseux récolté près d Asti. Des astis ou des asti. ● asti nom masculin Vin d Italie de la région d Asti, dont une partie est traitée en mousseux (asti spumante). Asti ville d Italie (Piémont),… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Asti — [ asti] noun (also Asti Spumante sp(j)u: manteɪ, ti) a light sparkling wine from the Italian province of Asti and neighbouring parts of Piedmont …   English new terms dictionary

  • asti — ȁsti uzv. DEFINICIJA dalmatinska (blaža) kletva [asti Gospe; asti miša] …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Asti — Asti, 1) Provinz in Plemtont in der sardinischen Generalintendanz Alessandria; 161/2 QM., 136,100 Ew. 2) Hauptstadt derselben an der Mündung des Borbio in den Tanaro, Bischofssitz, gothische Kathedrale, viele Kirchen u. Klöster, altes Dchloß,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Asti — Asti, das röm. Asta Pompēja, Stadt in der ital. Prov. Alessandria, am Tanaro, (1901) 38.045 E.; schäumender Muskatwein (Asti spumante); im Mittelalter Republik, berühmt durch seine 100 Türme …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Asti — es un pueblo y comuna en la región de Piamonte, en el noroeste de Italia, en la llanura del río Tánaro a 123 m de altura sobre el nivel del mar. Su población de acuerdo al censo del año 2003 es de 71.500 personas. Es la capital de la provincia de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Asti — Asti, Kreishauptstadt in der ital. Provinz Alessandria, 142 m ü. M., am Einfluß des Borbore in den Tanaro, Knotenpunkt der Eisenbahn Alessandria Turin, in fruchtbarer Gegend gelegen, hat alte Mauern mit Türmen, eine schöne gotische Kathedrale… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.